What are the causes of diabetic maculopathy?
Anyone who has diabetes for long enough will eventually develop some degree of changes on their retina. That may be mild diabetic retinopathy or mild diabetic maculopathy, where there are just a few haemorrhages.
More advanced diabetic maculopathy changes tend to be associated with a history of poorer glycemic control.
We know that by modifying risk factors for diabetes in the body, we modify the overall course in the eye as well. What is really important is maintaining tight control of your blood pressure, your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels and your lipid profiles.
A death sentence for your eye is smoking. Smoking is toxic to the retina, and it’s toxic to the blood vessels. Thus, it is one of the highest risk factors for diabetes progressing in the eye of all sorts.